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HPV vaccination in Indonesia Setiawan, Didik
For technical reasons the number of authors shown on this cover page is limited to 10 maximum. Therefore, safe sexual behaviors considerably prevent the transmission of HPV. These cancers, particularly cervical cancer, yield high clinical, societal and economic burden for the society in general.
The two contradictory findings, that cervical cancer is a preventable disease but its burden remains high, suggest that a comprehensive prevention is required. The World Health Organization recommends HPV vaccination and cervical screening as primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer, consecutively.
In order to provide scientific evidence, this thesis generally provides comprehensive findings on how cervical cancer prevention, mainly HPV vaccination, will affect not only clinical but also economic aspects in a country, using Indonesia as the reference case. Various strategies of HPV vaccination, including vaccination for older women, and cervical screening, particularly pap smear, were also explored.
Furthermore, the safety profiles, Summary covering local and systemic adverse events, of the vaccines were also considered in the same population. This study penyakit hpv malajzia that HPV vaccines were parazita széklet beneficial for not only uninfected population, the main target population, but also infected individuals.
Human papillomavirus or HPV
In addition, the safety profiles were considerably acceptable and these findings were apparently comparable with other findings from many other countries. A comprehensive review, on how health economic studies of cervical cancer prevention in South East Asian were performed, was presented in chapter 4.
This review describes the methods used in the included studies in detail, such as study design, perspective, time horizon, HPV vaccination methods, cervical screening methods, discount rate and sensitivity analysis.
After the validation processes were finished, all eligible patients were visited and inform consent was performed with regards to their willingness to join the study. In this study, we found that the addition of HPV vaccination on top of VIA screening substantially increases the clinical benefit as it reduces the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in Indonesia.
HPV szemölcsök, kezelés és megelőzés Nemi szemolcs papilloma A nemi úton terjedő fertőzések megelőzése és kezelése ce casti trăiesc în picioare Nemi szemolcs papilloma HPV és herpesz különbözősége vaccino papilloma virus per luomo Que es el papiloma humano como se cura hpv en mujeres como se contagia, cancer and sarcoma hpv in carcinoma cervix. Papilloma virus prurito hemoleucograma paraziti, hpv genital feminina noutati cancer de prostata. Hpv nemi szemolcs, Hpv szemolcs eltavolitasa Egészségünkre: Tudnivalók a HPV-ről hpv virus vaccine age limit Papilloma virus fertilita antihelmintice fara reteta, de la viermi la copii, ce medicamente comprimate parazite pentru alăptare. Elimina parazitii din organism cancer abdominal en nemi szemolcs papilloma, hpv bladder cancer ce mănâncă viermii în anus. Az orrpyramis és az anatómiai mikroszkópos Légszomj, Orrvérzés orrüreg 2.
This study was performed by calculating the net revenue, including income taxes, health, and social insurance premium, and expenses, including cervical cancer treatment, pension, penyakit hpv malajzia and social insurance premiums for a public servant, of the Indonesian government.
This additional revenue was obtained since there would be more people who live and work longer, earning more income and thus paying more taxes and, of course, reduction on cervical cancer treatment will substantially save government expenses.
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The last chapter chapter 8 , provides a general discussion of the thesis and thus proposes several recommendations with regards to the implementation of HPV vaccination in Indonesia. Initially, this chapter discusses the Health Technology Assessment HTA process and the cervical cancer prevention in The Netherlands to provide a general overview of how it has been implemented in a developed country as it could possibly be the role model for Indonesia.